Chantilly Agreement Msf

To maintain the principle of the witness, MSF maintains that full independence from other humanitarian actors is necessary. MSF has developed a particular interpretation of the principle of independence. As a result, MSF refuses to participate in sector-wide coordination, standardization and fundraising efforts. To the dismay of other humanitarian organizations, MsF has not signed common operational agreements in the humanitarian sector, such as the spherical “Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards for Disaster Management,” and has rejected the idea of controlling collective coordination efforts such as the “Standing Committee of Agencies” or the “Humanitarian Steering Committee” (Tong 2004). Stobbaerts 2007). MSF also does not participate in the Consolidated Appeals Process, a collective fundraising mechanism (OCHA 2011). Our concise – and seemingly incomplete – history of the organization has revealed some patterns in MSF`s strategies to deal with these tensions. In the early years, MSF “resolved” internal differences through organizational divisions and the creation of new organizations. Attempts to expel the Belgian section in 1985 were not successful.

Instead, the organization has grown to the multinational organization it is today. This increasingly required MSF to find ways to integrate and take seriously the diversity of opinions, positions and ideals of its members. The Chantilly and La Mancha chords of 1995 and 2006 seemed to have been a success. In general, the development of MSF`s international and associative nature and structure seems to have taken into account, at least in part, the “culture of debate” and the organization`s propensity for critical self-reflection (Fox 2014). MSF has been severely criticized for abandoning its humanitarian mandate in the Great Lakes region. MSF argued that any involvement in the camps would do more harm than good, as its humanitarian assistance helped the perpetrators of the genocide to recover and continue the violence. Later that year, all MSF chapters met in Chantilly, France, to discuss the fundamental principles of MSF. This led to the signing of the Chantilly Agreement. All sections confirmed the initial principles of MSF and, in particular, the principle of witness, and that “MSF`s actions are primarily medical” (quoted in Fox 2014: 102).